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Air Pollution Control Glossary

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Contents

A

A
Absorption 吸收
Adiabatic lapse rate 绝热减温率
Adsorption 吸附
Aerosol 气溶胶
Air-fuel ratio (A/F) 空气与燃料之比
Air quality index (AQI) 空气质量指数
Alkane 烷烃
Alkene 烯烃
Alkyne 炔烃

B

B
Black carbon (BC) 黑碳气溶胶
Brownian motion 布朗运动

C

C
Catalyst 催化剂

D

D
Dosage 剂量
Dry adiabatic lapse rate 干绝热减温率

E

E
Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) 电除尘器
Elemental carbon (EC) 元素碳气溶胶
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 环境保护署

F

F
Fine particles 细颗粒物,一般指PM_2.5
Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) 烟气脱硫

G

G
Greenhouse effect 温室效应
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) 温室气体

H

H
Hydrocarbon (HC) 碳氢化合物,烃

I

I

J

J

K

K

L

L
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) 液化天然气
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) 液化石油气
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 爆炸极限下限

M

M
Maximum daily 8-h average (MDA8) 日最大8小时平均(浓度)
Mixing ratio 混合比
Moist adiabatic lapse rate 湿绝热减温率

N

N
Nitrogen oxides (NO_x) 氮氧化物(NO_x = NO + NO_2)

O

O
Organic carbon (OC) 有机碳气溶胶
Ozone 臭氧(O_3)
Ozone depleting substances (ODS) 臭氧消耗物质
Ozone layer 臭氧层

P

P
Particulate matter (PM) 颗粒物
PM_10 空气中空气动力学当量直径小于等于10微米的颗粒物,也称可吸入颗粒物
PM_2.5 空气中空气动力学当量直径小于等于2.5微米的颗粒物,也称细颗粒物
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) 持久性有机污染物
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) 多环芳烃
Pressure drop 压力损失
Primary 一次性的、原生的

Q

Q

R

R
Respirable suspended particles (RSP) 可吸入颗粒物,一般指PM_10

S

S
Secondary 二次性的、次生的
Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) 二次有机气溶胶
Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) 选择性催化还原
Selective non-catalytic reduction (SCR) 选择性非催化还原

T

T
Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM) 微量振荡天平
Total suspended particulates (TSP) 总悬浮颗粒物
Tropopause 对流层顶
Troposphere 对流层

U

U
Upper explosive limit (UEL) 爆炸极限上限

V

V
Venturi scrubber 文丘里洗涤器
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) 挥发性有机化合物

W

W
World Health Organization (WHO) 世界卫生组织

X

X

Y

Y

Z

Z