Introduction to The School of Physics, Peking University
In 1902, the Division of Mathematics and Physics was established in the Metropolitan University (original name of Peking University). It was the beginning of the higher education of mathematics and physics in China.
In 1913, The "Wu Li Men" (Physics Department) was formed in the University, which was the first physics undergraduate education unit in China.
During the War of Resistance against Japan, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University moved to Kuming and formed the National Southwestern Associated University. Physics Department of Southwestern Associated University has nurtured many outstanding scientists, including Li Zhengdao(T.D.Lee), Yang Zhengning, Zhu Guangya, Deng
In 1952, China's higher education system reorganized its colleges and departments. Former Physics Departments of Tsinghua University and Yanjing University merged into Physics Department of Peking University. The new Physics Department of Peking University became one of the most important physics city in China, Gathering together talented scholars such as Rao Yutai, Hu Ning, Huang Kun, Yu Fuchun, Zhou Peiyuan, Ye Qisun, Wang Zhuxi, Yang Liming, Zhu
In 1950', some subdivisions of Physics Department had developed into new departments, such as Geophysics Department and Electronics Department. In addition, Department of Technical Physics, which is the first nuclear science department in China, was established based on staffs and students coming from around the country.
Since 50 years after the liberation, physics departments in Peking University have cultivated thousands of scholars, including more than 90 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Science. Lectures and text books in these departments are well known nation wide and abroad. Courses given by Professor Wang
Zhuxi, Huang Kun, Zhao Kaihua, Guo Dunren, Zeng Jinyan and many others have deep influence
on the Chinese physics society. The reseach work are also fruitful, thanks to the leadership of famous Professors such as Hu
Ning, Yang Liming, Gan Zizhao, Yang Yingchang, Hu Jimin, Chen Jiaer, Zhao Bolin, Chen Jiansheng.
At the beginning of twenty first century, on the way towards the world-class university, Peking University is reforming its internal organization system. On May 18th, 2001 the School of Physics was established based on former Physics Department, Atmospheric Science Division of former Department of Geophysics, former Department of Technical Physics, former Department of
Astronomy, former Institute of Heavy Ion Physics and some inter-discipline research centers, totaling about 320 staffs and about 1500 students. In this newly combined school there are 6 academicians of Academy of Science, 5 Chang-Jiang Professors, 2 national key laboratories, one Key laboratory of the state Department of Education, 2 national base of basic science education, 5 national key disciplines, 8 specialties for Doctoral candidates and 8 post-doctoral stations. The school is one of the most important part of the university, with a view for promoting it a world-class university.
School of Physics of Peking University will keep and develop its fine academic traditions and will make greatest effort to promote its education and research.