1. Highlights


Boundary activated hydrogen evolution reaction on monolayer MoS2
we report a facile route toward the activation of the monolayer MoS2 basal plane for HER by introducing domain boundaries, including both 2H–2H domain boundaries and 2H–1T-phase boundaries. We found that the domain boundaries can provide ultrahigh-density active sites, while still maintain the surface stability. more... (Nature Communications 10:1348 (2019))
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The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions
We constructed individual sodium ion (Na+) hydrates on a NaCl(001) surface by progressively attaching single water molecules (one to five) to the Na+ ion using a combined scanning tunnelling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy system. We found that the Na+ ion hydrated with three water molecules diffuses orders of magnitude more quickly than other ion hydrates. more... (Nature 557, 701-705 (2018))
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Report: PKU news, PKU news (english edition), Nature Review Chemisty, Chinese Science Bulletin, Nature Research Chemistry Community, Xinhua news, CCTV, People's Daily, China Science Daily, Guangming Daily, sina news

Weakly perturbative imaging of interfacial water with submolecular resolution by atomic force microscopy
Here, we report submolecular-resolution imaging of the water clusters on a NaCl(001) surface within the nearly noninvasive region by a qPlus-based noncontact atomic force microscopy. Comparison with theoretical simulations reveals that the key lies in probing the weak high-order electrostatic force between the quadrupole-like CO-terminated tip and the polar water molecules at large tip–water distances. more... (Nature Communications 9:122 (2018))
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Report: PKU news, PKU news (english edition), Chinese Science Bulletin

Atomic-scale investigation of nuclear quantum effects of surface water: Experiments and theory
In this review article, we will highlight the recent advances of scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/S), which allows the access to the quantum degree of freedom of protons both in real and energy space. In addition, we will also introduce recent development of ab initio path-integral molecular dynamics (PIMD) simulations at surfaces/interfaces, in which both the electrons and nuclei are treated as quantum particles in contrast to traditional ab initio molecular dynamics (MD). more... (Progress in Surface Science 92, 203–239 (2017))
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Recent advances in inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy
In this review, we mainly focus on the new development and application of STM-IETS in the past decade. After introducing the basic theoretical background of IETS, we will discuss the recent advances of STM-IETS as vibrational spectroscopy and microspectroscopy, with emphasis on the ability of probing weak intermolecular interactions. more... (ADVANCES IN PHYSICS: X 2:3, 907 (2017))
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Argon Plasma Induced Phase Transition in Monolayer MoS2
In this work, we report a facile, clean, controllable and scalable phase engineering technique for monolayer MoS2. We found that weak Ar-plasma bombardment can locally induce 2H→1T phase transition in monolayer MoS2 to form mosaic structures. These 2H→1T phase transitions are stabilized by point defects (single S-vacancies) and the sizes of induced 1T domains are typically a few nanometers, as revealed by scanning tunneling microscopy measurements. more... (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 10216 (2017))
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Perspective: Structure and dynamics of water at surfaces probed by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy
In this perspective, we review the recent advances of STM techniques in imaging, spectroscopy, and manipulation of water molecules. We discuss how those newly developed techniques are applied to probe the structure and dynamics of water at solid surfaces with single-molecule and even submolecular resolution, paying particular attention to the ability of accessing the degree of freedom of hydrogen. (The Journal of Chemical Physics 145, 160901 (2016))
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Nuclear quantum effects of hydrogen bonds probed by tip-enhanced inelastic electron tunneling
We report the quantitative assessment of nuclear quantum effects on the strength of a single hydrogen bond formed at a water-salt interface, using tip-enhanced inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy based on a scanning tunneling microscope. The inelastic scattering cross section was resonantly enhanced bymore...(Science 352, 6283(2016))
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Report:PKU, PKU(english edition), Science(Quantum effects in single hydrogen bonds), Asian scientist (The Quantum Mechanics Of Water), CCTV , China Scinece Daily , Guangming Daily , Science and Technology Daily , Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin.

Concerted proton tunnelling
We report the real-space observation of concerted proton tunnelling in a cyclic water tetramer using a cryogenic STM. This is achieved by monitoring the reversible interconversion of the hydrogen-bonding chirality of the water tetramer with a chlorine-terminated STM tip. more...(Nature Physics 11, 235(2015))
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Report:PKU, Nature Physics (Tunnelling in chiral water clusters: Protons in concert), AsianScientist (Watching Water Do Quantum Tunneling), Phys.org (Now you see it: Real-space observation of many-body proton tunneling in water nanocluster)

Unconventional bilayer ice structure
Using a cryogenic STM, we report a new type of 2D ice-like bilayer structure built from cyclic water tetramers on an insulating NaCl(001) film, which is completely beyond this conventional bilayer picture. A novel bridging mechanism allows the interconnection of water tetramers to form chains, flakes and eventually a two-dimensional extended ice bilayer containing a regular array of Bjerrum D-type defects. (Nature Communications 5, 4056(2014))
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Report:PKU, AsianScientist(How Ice Forms On Salt)

Peering into interfacial water
Using a low-temperature STM, we report submolecular-resolution imaging of individual water monomers and tetramers on NaCl(001) films supported by a Au(111) substrate at 5 K.The frontier molecular orbitals of adsorbed water were directly visualized, which allowed discrimination of the orientation of the monomers and the hydrogen-bond directionality of the tetramers in real space. (Nature Materials 13, 184(2014))
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Report:Nanowerk (Peering into interfacial water), PKU, CCTV, 科学网,The People's Daily,Microscopy-Analysis(STM captures breakthrough images of water), Azonao(PDF)(Topology of H-Bonded Networks at Water/Solid Interfaces Could be Determined with Atomic Precision),Nature China(Analytical chemistry: Giving directions)

'Nano-welding' taken to the limits
Here we use a scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) to induce a sequence of targeted bond dissociation and formation steps in single thiol-based p-conjugated molecules adsorbed on a NiAl(110) surface. Breaking and forming bonds selectively in complex organic molecules that possess a range of different functional groups at the single-molecule level is realized. (Nature Chemistry 5, 36(2013)
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Report: Chemistryworld, MSA,('Nano-welding' taken to the limits as specific bonds are cut and formed) PKU, (Submolecular control of bond-selective chemistry in single functionalized molecules)CAS,Foresight Institute(Toward molecular fabrication: formation of distinct bond types by STM)

Nonalloyed State of a Semiconductor Alloy
A two-dimensional (2D)√3×√3 semiconducting Ga−Si single atomic alloy layer exhibits an electronic structure with atomic localization which is different at the Si and Ga atom sites,as if no alloying happened. (Nano Lett. 12, 5845(2012))
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Unconventional 2D Kondo lattice realized
An unconventional two-dimensional Kondo lattice system has been realized by self-assembled oxygen molecules on the Au(110) surface. The interplay between the intermolecular coupling and the onsite Kondo effect led to the coexistence of both local and nonlocal Kondo screening at the atomic level. (Science 333, 324 (2011) )
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Report: Nature Nanotechnology(Up close to the Kondo effect), PKU, PHY of PKU , Science(Kondo Effects of an Oxygen Lattice)

Extremely thin bulklike metal film
Atomically flat Aluminum film was obtained at the ultimate one monolayer limit on silicon surface, while maintaining a bulk-like atomic structure. The monolayer Al film provides an interesting platform for studying 2D electron gas system. (Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 072107 (2007))
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2. Full List

  • 32.   YE TIAN, FAN YANG, CHAOYU GUO and YING JIANG, “Recent Advances In Ultrafast Time-Resolved Scanning Tunneling Microscopy”, Surface Review and Letters. Vol. 25, Suppl. 1 (2018)
  • 31.   Jinbo Peng, Duanyun Cao, Zhili He, Jing Guo, Prokop Hapala, Runze Ma, Bowei Cheng, Ji Chen, Wen Jun Xie, Xin-Zheng Li, Pavel Jelínek, Li-Mei Xu, Yi Qin Gao, en-Ge Wang & Ying Jiang, “The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions”, Nature 557, 701-705(2018) .
  • 30.   Jing Guo & Ying Jiang, “Research advances in investigating nuclear quantum effects of water”, Chin. Sci. Bull. 2018, 63.
  • 29.   Shaoxiang Sheng, Runze Ma, Jiang-bin Wu, Wenbin Li, Longjuan Kong, Xin Cong, Duanyun Cao, Wenqi Hu, Jian Gou, Jun-Wei Luo, Peng Cheng, Ping-Heng Tan, Ying Jiang, Lan Chen, and Kehui Wu, “The Pentagonal Nature of Self-Assembled Silicon Chains and Magic Clusters on Ag(110)”, Nano Lett. 2018, 18, 2937-2942.
  • 28.   Jinbo Peng, Jing Guo, Prokop Hapala, Duanyun Cao, Runze Ma, Bowei Cheng, Limei Xu, Martin Ondracek, Pavel Jelinek, Enge Wang & Ying Jiang, “Weakly perturbative imaging of interfacial water with submolecular resolution by atomic force microscopy”, Nature Communications 9:122 (2018) .
  • 27.   Xiaozhi Xu, Ding Yi, Zhichang Wang, Jiachen Yu, Zhihong Zhang, Ruixi Qiao, Zhanghao Sun, Zonghai Hu, Peng Gao, Hailin Peng, Zhongfan Liu, Dapeng Yu, Enge Wang, Ying Jiang, Feng Ding, and Kaihui Liu, “Greatly Enhanced Anticorrosion of Cu by Commensurate Graphene Coating”, Adv. Mater. 2017, 1702994.
  • 26.   Jing Guo, Xin-Zheng Li, Jinbo Peng, En-Ge Wang, Ying Jiang, “Atomic-scale investigation of nuclear quantum effects of surface water: Experiments and theory”, Prog. Surf. Sci. 92, 203–239 (2017) .
  • 25.  Sifan You, Jing-Tao Lü, Jing Guo & Ying Jiang, “Recent advances in inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy”, Advances in Physics: X , 2:3, 907-936 (2017) .
  • 24.  Jianqi Zhu, Zhichang Wang, Hua Yu, Na Li, Jing Zhang, JianLing Meng, Mengzhou Liao, Jing Zhao, Xiaobo Lu, Luojun Du, Rong Yang, Dongxia Shi, Ying Jiang, and Guangyu Zhang “Argon Plasma Induced Phase Transition in Monolayer MoS2”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 10216-10219 (2017) .
  • 23.  Jinbo Peng, Jing Guo, Runze Ma, Xiangzhi Meng & Ying Jiang, “Atomic-scale imaging of NaCl dissolution by a two-dimensional ice overlayer”, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 29, 104001 (2017) .
  • 22.  Jing Guo, Ke Bian, Zeren Lin & Ying Jiang, “Perspective: Structure and dynamics of water at surfaces probed by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy”, Journal of Chemical Physics 145, 160901 (2016) .
  • 21.  Jing Guo, Jing-Tao Lü, Yexin Feng, Ji Chen, Jinbo Peng, Zeren Lin, Xiangzhi Meng, Zhichang Wang, Xin-Zheng Li, En-Ge Wang & Ying Jiang, “Nuclear quantum effects of hydrogen bonds probed by tip-enhanced inelastic electron tunneling”,Science 352, 321 (2016) .
  • 20.  Xiangzhi Meng, Jing Guo, Jinbo Peng, Ji Chen, Zhichang Wang, Jun-Ren Shi, Xin-Zheng Li, En-Ge Wang & Ying Jiang, “Direct visualization of concerted proton tunnelling in a water nanocluster”,Nature Physics 11, 235 (2015) .
  • 19.  Ji Chen, Jing Guo, Xiangzhi Meng, Jinbo Peng, Jiming Sheng, Limei Xu, Ying Jiang, Xin-Zheng Li &Enge Wang, “An unconventional bilayer ice structure on a NaCl(001) film”,Nature Communications 5, 4056(2014).
  • 18.  Jing Guo, Xiangzhi Meng, Ji Chen, Jinbo Peng, Jiming Sheng, Xin-Zheng Li, Limei Xu, Jun-Ren Shi, Enge Wang& Ying Jiang, “Real-space imaging of interfacial water with submolecular resolution”,Nature Materials 13, 184 (2014).
  • 17.  H. Qin,Y. Jiang, G. Zhang, and K. H. Wu, “Interaction of surface and interface plasmons in extremely thin Al films on Si(111)”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 051605 (2013).
  • 16.  Y. Jiang, Q. Huan, L. Fabris, G. C. Bazan, and W. Ho, “ Submolecular Control and Spectroscopic Manifestation of Bond-Selective Chemistry Inside a Single Molecule ”, Nature Chemistry 5, 36 (2013).
  • 15. Ph. Ebert, S. Landrock, Y. Jiang, K. H. Wu, E. G. Wang, and R. E. Dunin-Borkowski, “Electronically Nonalloyed State of a Statistical Single Atomic Layer Semiconductor Alloy”,Nano Lett. 12,5845(2012).
  • 14.  Y. Jiang, J. X. Cao, Y. N. Zhang, R. Q. Wu, and W. Ho, “Real-space imaging of a two-dimensional O2 lattice”, Science 333, 324 (2011). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)
  • 13.  Q. Huan, Y. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhang, U. Ham, and W. Ho, “Spatial Imaging of Individual Vibronic States in the Interior of Single Molecules”, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 014705 (2011). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research)
  • 12.  Z. Yuan, Y. Jiang, Y. Gao, M. Käll, and S. W. Gao, “Symmetry-dependent screening of surface plasmons in ultrathin supported films: The case of Al/Si(111)”, Phys. Rev. B 83, 165452 (2011).
  • 11.  J. Teng, L. Zhang, Y. Jiang, J. D. Guo, Q. Guo, E. G. Wang, P. Ebert, T. Sakurai, and K. H. Wu, “Catalystlike behavior of Si adatoms in the growth of monolayer Al film on Si(111)”, J. Chem. Phys. 133, 014704 (2010).
  • 10.  Y. Jiang, J. D. Guo, Ph. Ebert, E. G. Wang, and K. H. Wu, “Locally probing the screening potential at a metal-semiconductor interface”, Phys. Rev. B 81, 033405 (2010).
  • 9.  S. Landrock, Y. Jiang, K. H. Wu, E. G. Wang, K. Urban, and Ph. Ebert, “Origin of nanoscale potential fluctuations in two-dimensional semiconductors”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 072107 (2009). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)
  • 8.  Z. Tang, S. Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, W. X. Wang, J. F. Jia, Q. K. Xue, E. G. Wang, and K. H. Wu, “Bi- and Au-Induced Reconstructions on GaAs(001)-2´4 Surface”, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2977 (2008).
  • 7.  Y. H. Yu, Z. Tang, Y. Jiang, and D. Fujita, “Surface alloying effects in the growth of Au on Pb(111) thin film”, Surf. Sci. 602, 3358 (2008).
  • 6.  Y. Jiang, K. H. Wu, J. Ma, B. Wu, E. G. Wang, and Ph. Ebert, “Quantum size effects in the nonmetal to metal transition of two-dimensional Al islands”, Phys. Rev. B 76, 235434 (2007). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)
  • 5.  Y. Jiang, Y. Kim, S. B. Zhang, Ph. Ebert, S. Y. Yang, K. H. Wu and E. G. Wang, “Growing extremely thin bulklike metal film on a semiconductor surface: Monolayer Al(111) on Si(111)”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181902 (2007).
  • 4.  Y. Jiang, K. H. Wu, Z. Tang, Ph. Ebert and E. G. Wang, “Quantum size effect induced dilute atomic layers in ultrathin Al films”, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035409 (2007). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)
  • 3.  Z. Tang, J. Teng, Y. Jiang, J. F. Jia, J. D. Guo, and K. H. Wu, “Reducing the critical thickness of epitaxial Ag film on the Si(111)substrate by introducing a monolayer Al buffer layer”, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053504 (2007).
  • 2.  Y. H. Yu, Z. Tang, Y. Jiang, K. H. Wu, and E. G. Wang, “Thickness dependence of the surface plasmon dispersion in ultra-thin aluminum films on silicon”, Surf. Sci. 600, 4966 (2006).
  • 1.  Y. H. Yu, Y. Jiang, Z. Tang, Q. L. Guo, J. F. Jia, Q. K. Xue, K. H. Wu, and E. G. Wang, “Thickness dependence of the surface plasmon damping and dispersion in ultra-thin Ag films”, Phys, Rev. B 72, 205405 (2005). (Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)

3. Theses

  • 7.  Runze Ma 's undergraduate thesis——Design and setup of a high temperature UHV MBE evaporator
  • 6.  Ke Bian's undergraduate thesis——A new type of scanner head for ultrahigh-vacuum low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope
  • 5.  Jiming Sheng's undergraduate thesis——Construction, testing and application of the ultrahigh vacuum cryogenic scanning tunneling microscope
  • 4.  Jinbo Peng's undergraduate thesis——Design and setup of a high temperature UHV MBE evaporator
  • 3.  Sheng Wang's undergraduate thesis——The Design of Ultrahigh Vacuum Low-temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscope with Optical Access
  • 2.  Hao Xie's undergraduate thesis——Design and setup of a portable multi-functional vacuum system
  • 1.  Xiangzhi Meng's undergraduate thesis——Design and setup of an optical low temperature STM scanner in UHV